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Recommended Reading

Computer Programs
Growout Manuals
Hatchery Manuals
Research Publications
Market Reports



SHRIMP-Supply, Products and Marketing in the Aquaculture Age: Authored by Ian Doré and published in 1993, this 368-page (179 x 255 mm), hardbound, indexed book describes the status of the world's shrimp industry in 1991-1992. It also serves as a handy reference for information on statistics, definitions, species, government regulations, standard grades, product forms, imports/exports, and just about anything you might want to know about the shrimp industry. It sells for $49. Contact: Urner Barry Publications, P.O. Box 389, Toms River, NJ 08754 USA (phone 800-932-0617, fax 732-341-0891, email, web page Here's a summary of the chapters:

o Chapter One, a general review, covers developments in the shrimp industry worldwide.
o Chapter Two describes 300 commercially important shrimp species.
o Chapter Three describes shrimp farming.
o Chapter Four provides a country-by-country review of world shrimp supplies.
o Chapter Five covers packaging, processing and quality control.
o Chapter Six reviews shrimp markets in the USA, Japan, Western Europe and Australia.
o Chapter Seven emphasizes marketing in the USA.

An Illustrated Guide to Shrimp of the World: Authored by Claus Frimodt and Ian Doré in 1987, this 229-page, hardbound book (179 x 255 mm) contains information on identifying 70 commercially important shrimp species, including all the popular farm-raised species. Superbly indexed with common and scientific names, it's a handsome book and a standard reference. The heart of the book is a 140-page chapter containing color pictures, line drawings, maps, names and comments on 70 shrimp species. It discusses their color, flavor, edibility and commercial importance. The book also contains a short chapter on identifying shrimp, a great chapter on terms used in the shrimp industry and a brief closing chapter on specifications for processing shrimp. It sells for $79. Information: Urner Barry Publications, Inc., P.O. Box 389, Toms River, NJ 08754 USA (phone 800-932-0617, fax 732-341-0891, email, web page

Marine Shrimp Culture-Principles and Practices: Edited by Arlo Fast and James Lester, this is Volume 23 in Elsevier Science Publishers' highly respected series on developments in aquaculture and fisheries science. It contains 40 chapters, 862 pages (175 x 245 mm) and sells for $200. Recommended as a textbook, reference and introductory overview for anyone new to the industry, it begins with a description of the biology of penaeid species, then covers the hatchery and growout processes, ending with a country-by-country review of shrimp farming (circa 1990). In between, it contains technical and scientific information on reproduction, hatcheries, harvesting, pond construction, pond dynamics, aeration, water quality, nutrition, disease and markets. Information: Elsevier Science Publishers, P.O. Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, The Netherlands (phone 20-485-3757, fax 20-485-3432); and in the United States and Canada, Elsevier Science, Customer Support Department, P.O. Box 945, New York, NY 10159 USA (phone 888-437-4636, fax 212-633-3680, email



Computer Programs

A Guide to the Financial Analysis of Shrimp Farming 1999 (a spread sheet for personal computers): Written by Wade Griffin, a professor in the Department of Agricultural Economics at Texas A&M University, and Granvil Treece, aquaculture specialist at Texas A&M University, this computer program analyzes the economic feasibility of shrimp farms. Modeled on a hypothetical intensive shrimp farm on the Texas coast, it consists of seven integrated tables that can be customized to the user's situation. The user enters data in tables one and two and the remaining five tables are calculated automatically. Here's a list of the seven tables:

1. Unit Cost, Production and Financial Assumptions
2. Construction and Equipment Needs
3. Farm Production and Inputs
4. Capital Transactions and Other Financial Assumptions
5. Pro Forma Cashflow Budget (shows profit and loss)
6. Pro Forma Balance Sheet
7. Pro Forma Income Statement (break-even analysis and sensitivity analysis)

On March 22, 1999, Treece reported: Griffin and I have updated the spread sheet and made it more friendly. Users can now move from one table to another by clicking rather than scrolling. They can add detailed management information to the sheet, and they can accout for land costs upfront or over the construction period.

The program is available on a 3 1/2 inch diskette for Macintosh (requires Excel version 3 or higher) and Wintel (requires Excel version 3 or higher, or Lotus version 3 or higher) computers. Documentation accompanying the diskette provides a sample analysis, and a "read me" file on the diskette explains how to use the model. The program sells for $25 (including shipping and handling). Information: Granvil Treece, Texas A&M University, Sea Grant College Program, 1716 Briarcrest Drive, Suite 702, Bryan, TX 77802 USA (phone 409-845-7527, fax 409-845-7525, email

aquaCalc: aquaCalc (version 1.0, 1998) is series of 12 preprogrammed, easy-to-use calculators that do the thousands of calculations it takes to design and run a shrimp farm. They run on Macintosh and Wintel computers. Organized into three categories-design calculators, operations calculators and conversion calculators-they come with a manual and on-screen help.

Tank Specs calculates areas and volumes.
O2 Uptake estimates the minimum metabolic oxygen and air supply rates for fish and shrimp. For closed systems, it makes the same estimate for the nitrifying bacteria.
NH3 Production estimates production of un-ionized ammonia and projects the amount of solid nitrogenous waste and the drop in oxygen and alkalinity resulting from nitrification.
HeatUp calculates the energy needed to heat a volume of water.
Water Mixing computes the results of mixing two volumes of water with different characteristics, like temperature, salinity, pH, alkalinity and nitrogen.
Feed Rate estimates the amount of feed needed to support a cultured population.
pH and Alkalinity estimates the amount of sodium bicarbonate and sodium hydroxide needed to adjust pH and alkalinity.
Heat Maintenance calculates heat loss resulting from four heat transfer processes.
Un-ionized NH3 estimates the amount of total ammonia in the toxic, un-ionized form (given temperature, salinity and pH).
Disease catalogs common diseases and estimates the amount of therapeutic agents needed to counter several diseases.
Unit Converter converts a variety of units commonly encountered in aquaculture.
Length/Weight Converter converts shrimp counts and lengths into several other units of measure. For example, you can convert any one of the following measures into any other: grams head-on, grams head-off, count per pound head-on, count per pound head-off, count per kilo head-on, count per kilo head-off. Click on the big question mark and you get on-screen help. Everyone in the shrimp industry will find this calculator very valuable!

Delivered on a 3 1/2 inch floppy disk, along with a separate manual, aquaCalc is distributed by the Texas A&M Sea Grant Program for $45 (shipping and handling included). Add $15 for orders outside the United States. Checks drawn on USA banks, money orders and credit cards are accepted. Information: Stephanie Wilborn, Texas A&M University, Sea Grant College Program, 1716 Briarcrest Drive, Suite 702, Bryan, TX 77802 USA (phone 409-862-3767, fax 409-862-3786,



Growout Manuals

Practical Manual for Semi-Intensive Commercial Production of Marine Shrimp: Authored by José Villalón in 1991, this manual (available in English or Spanish) is based on eight years of management experience at a vertically integrated shrimp farm in Ecuador. Softbound and easy-to-read, it contains step-by-step, "how-to" instructions for managing semi-intensive shrimp ponds. Tightly written, with 12 brief chapters, it has 104 glossy pages (216 x 279 mm), 83 black-and-white photographs (mostly 81 x 60 mm), 27 drawings, 11 record-keeping forms and 15 tables. It covers all aspects of commercial farm production including pond disinfection, pond preparation, pre-stocking procedures, postlarval transportation, acclimation, postlarvae receiving, nursery stocking, juvenile transfers, pond stocking, pond management and harvest. It is available for the bargain price of $15. The Spanish version costs $30. Information: Granvil Treece, Texas A&M University, Sea Grant College Program, 1716 Briarcrest Drive, Suite 702, Bryan, TX 77802 USA (phone 409-845-7527, fax 409-845-7525, email This book is also available at; search by title or the author's last name.

The Oceanic Institute Shrimp Manual-Intensive Shrimp Production Technology (first published in 1991): Written by Jim Wyban, president of High Health Aquaculture, and Jim Sweeney, former researcher at The Oceanic Institute (OI) in Hawaii and now with CEATECH, a new shrimp farm in Hawaii, this manual (158 pages, ring-bound, soft cover, 216 x 279 mm) describes OI's intensive "round pond" technology for producing shrimp and provides step-by-step instructions for managing maturation facilities, hatcheries and ponds. It covers the biology of Penaeus vannamei; production of nauplii, postlarvae, and juveniles; growout in round ponds; and shrimp health management. The bibliography contains 81 references, and the appendices list sources of shrimp culture supplies (addresses and phone numbers) and long checklists of hatchery and maturation equipment. Using tables (28), diagrams (65), black-and-white (35) and color photographs (8, showing larval stages), Wyban and Sweeney have mastered the technique of presenting technical data in an easy to read and understandable fashion. If you are interested in shrimp hatcheries or intensive shrimp farming, you will want this manual on your library shelf. It sells for $55 (reference B-INTE-SPT). Information: Argent Chemical Laboratories, Inc., 8702 152nd Avenue, N.E., Redmond, WA 98052 USA (phone 425-885-3777, fax 425-885-2112, web page

Proceedings of the U.S. Marine Shrimp Farming Biosecurity Workshop (February 1998): Edited by Shaun Moss, shrimp program manager with the Oceanic Institute United States Marine Shrimp Farming Program, this 84-page (216 x 279 mm), spiral-bound proceedings contains eleven reports:

Design and Economic Analysis of a Prototype Biosecure Shrimp Growout Facility (Shaun M. Moss, William J. Reynolds, and Lee Mahler, The Oceanic Institute)

Preliminary Development of a Biosecure Shrimp Production System (Craig L. Browdy and Delma Bratvold, Waddell Mariculture Center)

Preliminary Design of a Closed, Biosecure Shrimp Growout System (John T. Ogle and Jeffrey M. Lotz, Gulf Coast Research Laboratory)

Preliminary Design and Operating Specifications for a Biosecure Shrimp Growout Facility in Texas (Tzachi M. Samocha and Addison L. Lawrence, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Shrimp Mariculture Research)

The AquaTech Seafood Closed System Shrimp Farm: A Central Texas Operation and Management Perspective (Phil Boeing, AquaTech Seafood)

Freshwater Recirculating Systems in Florida (John Scarpa, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution).

Virus Outbreak on a Small Shrimp Farm (Craig Emberson, Makuu Aquafarms)

Improving Biosecurity for Coastal Shrimp Farms (Fritz Jaenike, Harlingen Shrimp Farms, Ltd.)

Non-traditional Rearing Systems for Marine Shrimp (Russell Allen, Seafood Systems)

History of Marine Culture Enterprises (Donald Lightner, University of Arizona)

Feed Industry Assessment of Biosecure Systems (George Chamberlain, Ralston Purina International)

This proceedings provides a good overview of the U.S. Marine Shrimp Farming Program's biosecurity strategy and an interesting glimpse at some private sector shrimp farms in the United States. Information: Shaun Moss, The Oceanic Institute, 41-202 Kalanianaole Highway, Waimanalo, HI 96795 USA (phone 808-259-3110, fax 808-259-9762, email, web page

Water Quality Management and Aeration in Shrimp Farming: Written by Claude Boyd, this 83-page (216 x 279 mm), softbound manual was published by Auburn University (USA) in 1989. In addition to a long list of references, a nice array of black-and-white photographs, and some easy-to-interpret charts and tables, it contains detailed technical discussions of salinity, pH, liming, suspended solids, organic matter, nutrients, plankton, fertilizers, dissolved oxygen, aeration, aerators, water circulation, toxic metabolites, water supply, water exchange, pond bottoms, heavy metals, pesticides and measurements. Information: Auburn University, Department of Fisheries and Allied Aquacultures, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, AL 36849 USA (phone 205-826-4786).

Diseases of Cultured Penaeid Shrimp in Asia and the United States: This is a 392-page (216 x 279 mm) proceedings of a conference that was held in Hawaii in April 1992. Edited by Wendy Fulks and Kevan Main, it contains 21 review papers written by shrimp disease experts from Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, China, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and the United States. The papers, carefully indexed at the end of the proceedings, are loaded with color photographs, black-and-white microscope photographs, electron micrographs, maps, charts, tables and references to earlier publications. The papers are grouped into six sections: Country Situations, Viral Diseases, Bacterial Diseases, Diagnostic Procedures, Specific Pathogen-Free Stocks, and Research, Regulations and Health Management. It sells for $85 (reference #B-DISE-CPS). Information: Argent Chemical Laboratories, Inc., 8702 152nd Avenue, N.E. , Redmond, WA 98052 USA (phone 425-885-3777, fax 425-885-2112, web page



Hatchery Manuals

Design, Operation and Training Manual for an Intensive Shrimp Hatchery (with emphasis on Penaeus monodon and P. vannamei): Released in August 1993 by the Texas A&M University's Sea Grant College Program, this manual is based on a 3-million-postlarvae-per-month hatchery that was built in Indonesia and a 10-million-postlarvae-per-month hatchery designed for the western hemisphere and built in Guatemala. Authored by Granvil Treece and Joe Fox, it is organized into three main parts-design, operation and training-and nine chapters. It covers site selection, construction, maturation, larval rearing, postlarval rearing, diseases, chemotherapeutants, the business of running a hatchery and research developments.

Softbound, it contains approximately 187 pages (216 x 279 mm), 67 black-and-white photographs, 18 tables, 66 figures and many charts, diagrams and tables. The first chapter contains 33 pages of hatchery diagrams, including drawings of tanks and other equipment. References direct the reader to more information. It sells for $20. Information: Granvil Treece, Sea Grant College Program, Texas A&M University, 1716 Briarcrest, Suite 702, Bryan, TX 77802 USA (phone 409-845-7527, fax 409-845-7525, email

Laboratory Manual for the Culture of Penaeid Shrimp Larvae: This 95-page softbound manual (216 x 279 mm), edited by Granvil Treece and Michael Yates, was published by Texas A&M University in 1988 and updated in January 1990 and again in August 1993. Loaded with valuable charts, tables and diagrams, it covers lab procedures, larval culture, shrimp physiology, eyestalk ablation, algae culture, Artemia culture, larval diseases and the use of the microscope. Exercises guide the beginning lab technician through many hatchery procedures, and a list of references offers sources of additional information. Available in English or Spanish, the manual sells for US$20 ($30 for the Spanish version). Information: Granvil Treece, Marine Advisory Service, Sea Grant College Program, Texas A&M University, 1716 Briarcrest, Suite 702, Bryan, TX 77802 USA (phone 409-845-7527, fax 409-845-7525, email

Design and Operation of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Penaeid Shrimp Maturation Facility (Penaeus vannamei): Authored by John Ogle, this 41-page (216 x 279 mm) publication describes the design, construction, hardware, management, operation, problems and first experiments at the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory's shrimp maturation facility. Originally released in 1988 as an informal paper, the latest version has a cover and formal layout. Like the original, it's free and loaded with diagrams, charts and tables that document the scientific and technical aspects of running a shrimp maturation facility. A new, updated version of this publication should be available in late 2000. Information: John Ogle, Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 7000, 703 East Beach Blvd., Ocean Springs, MS 39564 USA (phone 228-872-4280, fax 228-872-4204, email

Preliminary Financial Feasibility Analysis of an Independent Marine Shrimp Hatchery Located in South Carolina (Technical Report Number 80, December 1992): Authored by Raymond Rhodes, Kathleen McGovern-Hopkins and Craig Browdy, of South Carolina's Department of Natural Resources, this 11-page (216 x 279 mm), free report contains projections on the costs and income generated by an independent (not part of a farm) commercial hatchery in South Carolina, USA. It describes a hypothetical hatchery that includes maturation and larval rearing systems consisting of ten 12.5-ton maturation tanks and sixteen 8-ton larval rearing tanks housed in one large, prefabricated steel building with an overall area of about 13,300 square feet (1,236 square meters). The total initial investment for constructing and equipping this hatchery would be about $1 million. For a 75 million postlarvae per year output, the annual average cash cost per 1,000 postlarvae would be $6.60. The projected ten-year (after tax) internal rate of return would equal 17%. Information: Raymond Rhodes, Division of Marine Resources, South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, P.O. Box 12559, Charleston, SC 29422 USA (phone 843-762-5040, fax 843-762-5412, email

Electronic Larviculture Newsletter: This is a biweekly newsletter that's published on the Internet by the International Working Group on Larviculture (Belgium). Subscribers also receive an email version of the newsletter. It reports on the scientific and technical aspects of culturing brine shrimp (Artemia), an important food of larval and postlarval shrimp. It also covers other larval feeds and techniques and procedures for culturing the larval stages of many fish and shellfish species. An open forum for hatchery managers, it encourages discussion and the rapid exchange of information. It's available with a membership in the International Working Group on Larviculture (500 Belgian francs a year, about USA$13). Information: Gilbert Van Stappen, Editor, Larviculture Newsletter, University of Gent, Laboratory of Aquaculture and Artemia Reference Center, Rozier 44, B-9000 Gent, Belgium (phone +32-92-643754, fax +32-92-644193, email, web page

Rotifer and Microalgae Culture Systems: This 364-page (216 x 279 mm) state-of-the-art manual, edited by The Oceanic Institute's Wendy Fulks and Kevan Main, is the proceedings of a United States/Asia workshop held in January 1991. The workshop focused on the techniques and hardware used to culture rotifers and microalgae, important feeds for developing shrimp larvae, in Asia and the United States. The indexed proceedings summarizes the findings of the workshop. The introduction furnishes background information on the design of microalgae and rotifer culture systems, emphasizing ways to improve reliability and reduce operating costs. The next section contains 22 papers describing production techniques in the United States, Japan, the People's Republic of China, the Republic of Korea, Thailand, Singapore and Taiwan. The final section outlines the information exchanged in the discussion groups. Appendices contain the names and addresses of workshop participants. It sells for $85.00 (reference #B-ROTI-MCS). Information: Argent Chemical Laboratories, Inc., 8702 152nd Avenue, N.E. , Redmond, WA 98052 USA (phone 425-885-3777, fax 425-885-2112, web page



Research Publications

World Aquaculture Society Publications: Incorporated in 1970, the World Aquaculture Society has over 2,400 members in 100 countries. It promotes the educational, scientific and technological development of aquaculture, gathers and disseminates aquaculture information and holds meetings to foster aquaculture development and information exchange. It caters to all aquaculturists-especially shrimp farmers-and all species, including marine and freshwater fish and shellfish. Individual memberships cost $60. Members receive a quarterly scientific journal, Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, and a quarterly magazine, World Aquaculture, publications which devote about 20% of their coverage to shrimp farming. World Aquaculture carries advertisements. The Society also markets the following publications on shrimp farming:

A Handbook of Normal Penaeid Shrimp Histology (1988) which sells for $35 and Shrimp Culture in North America and the Caribbean (1991) which sells for $33. This price includes parcel post delivery in the USA and surface mail delivery elsewhere.

Swimming Through Troubled Waters is the proceedings of the Society's special session on shrimp farming from Aquaculture '95 in San Diego, California, USA (January 1995). Carefully edited by Craig Browdy and Stephen Hopkins, researchers at South Carolina's Waddell Mariculture Center, the proceedings contains the full papers of the 22 invited speakers, plus the abstracts of 48 contributed papers, followed by an author index. The proceedings presents a timely review of world shrimp farming and contains the best scientific and technical information available on solving industry problems. The 250-page (216 x 279 mm) proceedings was a hot seller at the San Diego meeting and can now be purchased for $35 (nonmembers) and $30 (members), plus $5 for shipping and handling.

Handbook of Shrimp Pathology and Diagnostic Procedures for Diseases of Cultured Penaeid Shrimp is one of the Society's most recent offerings, and it's already sold out. Watch for a second edition in late 2000! Edited by Dr. Donald Lightner and published in January 1996, it's full of those technical details that only a scientist could love, which should please its intended audience of diagnosticians, pathologists and researchers. Printed in loose-leaf (8 1/2 x 11 inch), 3-ring format so that it can be updated and personalized with notes and lab reports, it contains seven sections: diagnostic methods, viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites and commensals, noninfectious, and toxic diseases. It sells for $80 (nonmembers) and $70 (members) including surface mail delivery (add $40 for airmail delivery, 6 pounds).

The Society has reprinted A Guide to the Common Problems and Diseases of Cultured Penaeus vannamei, which was first published by The Oceanic Institute in 1994. It's a 241-page (216 x 279 mm), spiral-bound manual authored by Dr. James Brock and Dr. Kevan Main. It uses symbols, diagrams, photographs (black-and-white), worksheets, charts and tables-along with clear, nonscientific writing-to simplify the complex nature of the subject matter. Clever layouts and bold headings lead the reader to every topic. Each chapter is thoroughly referenced, and five appendices provide handy information on laboratory procedures. A comprehensive table of contents negates the need for an index. Since diseases occur at every stage in the shrimp farming process, the manual also substitutes as a practical manual for farming P. vannamei in the western hemisphere. It sells for $40 (nonmembers) and $35 (members), plus $5 for surface mail delivery.

The newest of the Society's publications,Crustacean Nutrition, a review of the research, contains just about everything you need to know about shrimp feeds, including a full chapter on how a feed mill works. From amino acids and vitamins to research methodologies and feed formulation principles, lead editor Louis D'Abramo and co-editors Douglas Conklin and Dean Akiyama have compiled a comprehensive reference that will be the key to the literature for many years to come. The book draws heavily on the large body of shrimp nutrition research and includes chapters on larval nutrition and maturation diets. Other farmed crustaceans, like freshwater prawns, crawfish and lobster, also receive considerable attention.

The chapter introductions provide a treasure of background information on feed ingredients. They are loaded with the type of information you need for a five-minute brushup course on a particular ingredient, like carbohydrates, carotenoids, or sterols. After the introductions, the discussion turns technical as the latest research is integrated with the old. Frequent reference to commercial applications make these discussions interesting. Chapter summaries bring everything back together and suggest directions for future research. The summaries give the impression that we are just beginning to solve the shrimp nutrition puzzle.

When the book was introduced in 1997, the Society said: "This hardbound book is the first of its kind, a synthesis of the last thirty-five years of crustacean nutrition research prepared by members of the International Working Group on Crustacean Nutrition of the World Aquaculture Society. The book contains twenty chapters that were written by twenty-five authors representing ten countries and is divided into three parts, classical nutrition, practical nutrition and future trends. Part I on classical nutrition contains fourteen chapters. Part II contains chapters on feed ingredients, standards for assessing quality of feed ingredients, feed formulation principles, and the commercial pelleting of crustacean feeds. Part III addresses future directions for research in Asia and in the Americas. All chapters are thoroughly referenced and generally concentrate on those species of crustaceans that are commercially cultured throughout the world."

If you have anything to do with shrimp feeds, this book should be in your library. It has 587 pages and measures 8 3/8" wide by 9 1/4" high. It's available from the World Aquaculture Society for the bargain price of US$40 (members) and US$50 (nonmembers), plus US$5 for surface delivery and US$25 for international airmail delivery.

For all of the Society's publications, make payment in USA funds drawn on a USA bank, or use Visa, JCB, Diner's Club, Discover, American Express or MasterCard. Information: Juliette Massey, Home Office Director, World Aquaculture Society, 143 J.M. Parker Coliseum, LSU, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA (phone 225-388-3137, fax 225-388-3493, email

Publications of The Crustacean Society: The Crustacean Society has two publications which should be of interest to shrimp farmers, especially those with a bent toward research. Both publications cover all crustaceans, not just the popular farmed species. The Ecdysiast, a newsletter, is published twice a year (May and November) and contains information on meetings, job opportunities, research findings and new publications. The Journal of Crustacean Biology, a scientific journal, contains papers on crustacean biology and notes from meetings. Both publications are included in the membership fee of $75. If you just want the newsletter, it's $20, or it can be downloaded free from Correspondence concerning membership should be sent to The Crustacean Society, Business Office, P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044 USA.

Information: David Camp, Ph.D., Editor, Journal of Crustacean Biology, P.O. Box 4430, Seminole, FL 33775 USA (phone 727-394-0478, fax 727-394-0328, email; Timothy D. Stebbins, Ph.D., Editor, The Ecdysiast, City of San Diego Marine Biology Laboratory, 4918 North Harbor Drive, Suite 101, San Diego, CA 92106 USA (phone 619-692-4900, fax 619-692-4902, email; and Jens T. Hoeg, Ph.D., President, The Crustacean Society, University of Copenhagen, Department of Zoomorphology, Zoological Institute, Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen 0, Denmark (phone 45-3532-1247, fax 45-3532-1200, email

Shrimps and Prawns of the World: In this 1997 book, Penaeoid and Sergestoid Shrimps and Prawns of the World (Keys and Diagnoses for the Families and Genera), Dr. Isabel Pérez Farfante and Dr. Brian Kensley propose some changes in the way scientists refer to the popular farmed shrimp species (page??). Published in France (text in English) by the Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, the book contains 233 pages (8 1/2" x 11"), an excellent glossary of shrimp body parts, keys for the identification of 7 families and 56 genera, and the diagnoses for defining them. Also included are lists of the species and subspecies in these genera, along with information on their geographic distribution. The book is indexed and has a full bibliography. At least one species of each genus is illustrated. A few of the illustrations (by María Diéguez) were published in earlier works by Isabel Pérez Farfante. The bulk of the illustrations, however, are the work of Molly Kelly Ryan, a scientific illustrator in the Department of Invertebrate Zoology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History.

This book, which sells for $58, is not for everyone. Complex descriptions of shrimp body parts, followed by long lists of references make up most of the text. It covers hundreds of species, so there's little coverage of the farmed species-and there are no illustrations of Penaeus vannamei and P. stylirostris. In addition, the book does not include an explaination for the name changes of the farmed penaeids. It's primarily a book for scientists who are interested in the classification of crustaceans. Information (in France): Delphine Henry, Sales Manager, Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Publications Scientifiques Division, 57, rue Cuvier, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France (phone 33-01-40-79-37-00, fax 33-01-40-79-38-40 email; and (outside of France) Dr. W. Backhuys, Backhuys Publishers, P.O. Box 321, NL-2300 AH Leiden, The Netherlands (phone 31-71-517-0208, fax 31-71-517-1856, email, web page

Los Camarones Penaeoidea Bentónicos (Crustacea: Decapoda: Dendrobranchiata) del Pacífico Mexicano: Mexico's Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, part of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, has published (in Spanish) two books that describe the shrimp species on the Pacific coast of Mexico. Authored by Michel E. Hendrickx, one book covers those species that live in the water column, while the other covers bottom dwelling species, including all the popular penaeid species used in farming. Titled Los Camarones Penaeoidea Bentónicos (Crustacea: Decapoda: Dendrobranchiata) del Pacífico Mexicano, it's a 150-page taxonomic key for identifying the various species. In addition to long descriptions of each species, it contains black-and-white line drawings of each species, detailed drawings of sex organs and other body parts used in identification, and maps which show where the animals were captured. Information: Michel Hendrickx, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Estación Mazatlán, Apartado Postal 811, 82000 Mazatlán, Sin., México (phone 52-69-852-845, fax 52-69-826-133, email

CRC Handbook of Mariculture: Crustacean Aquaculture (Second Edition, Volume 1, 1993): Edited by Dr. James McVey, this is a 544-page indexed book (189 x 262 mm) on the scientific and technical aspects of running shrimp hatcheries and shrimp farms (along with some information on freshwater prawn diseases and lobster hatcheries). It's a follow-up and companion volume to the first crustacean handbook, also edited by McVey, published in 1983. Divided into five sections (food production, hatchery production, growout systems, diseases and lobster culture), the new edition contains 19 chapters, each authored by a top authority and each followed by a long list of references. Beautifully laid out and edited, it's loaded with photographs, tables, charts and illustrations-a real "how to" book for biologists. If you're looking for information on shrimp research, water quality parameters, hatchery routines, equipment, diseases and intensive farming, this book is for you. In the United States, it sells for $95 (add $11.95 for shipping and handling). Catalog Number 255, ISBN 0849302552. Information: CRC Press, LLC, 2000 Corporate Boulevard, N.W., Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA (phone 800-272-7737, web page; Kim Chapin, Book Review Coordinator, Elsevier Science, P.O. Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, The Netherlands (email

World Shrimp Culture: In the early 1980s, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), part of the United States Department of Commerce, began monitoring developments in world shrimp farming. The program was designed to provide domestic shrimp fishermen with information on the potential impact of aquaculture. The most recent assessment began in 1990 and resulted in the publication of World Shrimp Culture, a mammoth, 1,152-page (216 x 279 mm), two-volume, four-book set of country-by-country reports on shrimp farming. It contains detailed information on species, farms, hatcheries, methods, research, harvests, exports, investment and environmental factors. The numerous charts and tables chronicle the growth of shrimp farming in the 1980s. The United States National Technical Information Service (NTIS) sells the complete set of books for $65 in the United States and $130 elsewhere. NTIS order number: PB93-134625/GBA. Information: National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161 USA (phone 703-487-4650). Include a $3 handling fee ($4 outside the USA) with each order. If you call, NTIS will bill your credit card and mail your books immediately. Prices are also available for regional books within the set.




Acuacultura del Ecuador: The Cámara Nacional de Acuacultura (CNA), Ecuador's national aquaculture association, draws most of its members from the shrimp farming industry (feed manufacturers, hatcherymen, farmers and processors). The association publishes Acuacultura del Ecuador, a magazine (213 x 283 mm) which covers aquaculture and shrimp farming in Ecuador. Each issue carries a dozen or so full-length articles-mostly in Spanish, but sometimes in English and Spanish-along with many shorter items of interest. Black-and-white photographs, diagrams and tabular data (information on shrimp exports) accompany most articles. With lots of full-color advertisements, this is your best source of information on shrimp farming in Ecuador.

The subscription price is $200 a year for six issues. The association's membership directory can be purchased separately for US$50. Make payments directly to CNA's account #250575-4 Pacific Bank (Guayaquil, Ecuador), or mail USA funds drawn on a USA bank to Cámara Nacional de Acuacultura, Centro Aéro 3918, P.O. Box 522970, Miami, FL 33152-2970 USA.

Laurent Ortiz Lara is the editor of Acuacultura del Ecuador (Cámara Nacional de Acuacultura, P.O. Box 09-908-P, Guayaquil, Ecuador, phone 593-4-690-739, fax 593-4-281-741, email

Global Aquaculture Advocate: The Global Aquaculture Alliance's 8-page, black-and-white newsletter has molted into an 80-page, colorful magazine (216 x 279 mm). The first issue was distributed in the registration packet at the Fifth Ecuardorian Aquaculture Conference (Ecuador, October 1999) and mailed to Alliance members and supporters around the world. Edited by Darryl Jory, an adjunct professor at the University of Miami and a shrimp farming consultant, the first issue covers GAA activities, the shrimp whitespot virus and shrimp industry news, including a two-page color spread on Belize Aquaculture, Ltd. Information: Susan Chamberlain, Office Manager, Global Aquaculture Alliance, P.O. Box 510799, St. Louis, MO 63151 USA (phone 314-416-9500, fax 324-416-9500, email, web page

Panorama Acuícola: This is a colorful bimonthly magazine that covers aquaculture and fishing in Mexico and around the world-in Spanish. Since its home base is Sonora, Mexico, which has a flourishing shrimp farming industry, Panorama Acuícola provides good coverage of shrimp farming throughout Latin America. Editor Salvador Meza García provides informative articles edited for the academia, suppliers and farmers. Recent issues (215 x 320 mm) have been 52 pages long. A subscription (six issues a year) costs USA$53 outside of Mexico. Information: Adriana Zayas Amezcua, Panorama Acuícola, Allende #823-10, Plaza el Dorado, C.P. 85000 Cd. Obregón, Son., Mexico (phone 52-64-14-79-15, fax 52-64-13-87-98, email, web page



Market Reports

Directory of the Shrimp Farming Industry in the Western Hemisphere 1999: Published in June 1999 by Shrimp News International, this directory, the ninth and last in the series, is based on a 1999 survey of 5,000 people in the shrimp industry. All listings were double checked in April 1999. The directory has a heavy emphasis on shrimp farmers in Latin America and shrimp importers in the United States, but also includes processors, fishermen, suppliers, consultants, researchers, editors and bureaucrats. It contains 176 pages, 25 advertisements and 1,400 listings. Alphabetized by country and then last name, each listing contains the following information: first name, last name, title, company or institution, address, phone, fax, and three words that show the listee's association to the shrimp industry. About 60% of the listings have email addresses; about 20%, web addresses.

Ordering Information: Delivered by first class mail in the United States and by airmail elsewhere, the softbound copy of the directory sells for USA $75 (handling and postage included). Please make payment in USA funds, drawn on a USA bank, or use Visa or MasterCard. Mail your payment to Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, 10845 Scripps Ranch Boulevard, Suite #4, San Diego, CA 92126 USA (phone 858-271-6354, fax 858-271-0324, e-mail Or fax or email your order to Shrimp News. I offer a 100%, no questions asked, money-back guarantee on my products. If you don't like what you get, send it back, and I'll refund your money.

Shrimp Market Report: Published since 1970, this monthly 4-page (216 x 279 mm) report analyzes the shrimp markets in the United States and Japan. With ample use of charts and tables, it shows historic trends and period-to-period comparisons of commercial catches, imports, cold storage holdings, consumption and prices. It sells for $282 a year (airmail delivery included). The fax version of the report sells for an additional $60 in the United States and $84 elsewhere. Information: Charles Peckham, Editor, LMR Fisheries Research, Inc., 2658 Del Mar Heights Road, P.M.B. 212, Del Mar, CA 92014 USA (phone 858-792-6515, fax 858-792-6519).

Shrimp Notes: Published since 1977, this 4-page (216 x 279 mm) monthly newsletter analyzes shrimp markets and prices. In the United States, it sells for $225 a year; overseas, $240 (including airmail delivery). Fax delivery is available for an additional $48 a year ($68 outside the USA). Information: William Chauvin, Publisher/President, Shrimp World Incorporated, 417 Eliza Street, New Orleans, LA 70114 USA (phone 504-368-1571, fax 504-368-1573, email

Market Price and Index (MP&I): This weekly fax/online report provides wholesale prices of the major shrimp species sold in the United States. MP&I sells for $440.00 a year ($495 outside the USA). Shrimp Notes (see above) subscribers receive a 10% discount on MP&I. Information: William Chauvin, Publisher/President, Shrimp World Incorporated, 417 Eliza Street, New Orleans, LA 70114 USA (phone 504-368-1571, fax 504-368-1573, email

SHRIMPCOM: An on-line information system for the shrimp industry, SHRIMPCOM offers in-depth market reports (Shrimp Notes, above), weekly shrimp prices (Market Price & Index, above), timely news items, detailed articles and monthly FDA detention reports. In addition, current and historical data on imports, landings and holdings, both for the US and Japan, are available on the service. SHRIMPCOM also offers easy access (links) to many other industry services.

The fee for SHRIMPCOM is USA$48 per month (billed quarterly) with a 15% discount for a prepaid annual fee (net USA$490). Please visit the web site at Information: William Chauvin, Publisher/President, Shrimp World Incorporated, 417 Eliza Street, New Orleans, LA 70114 USA (phone 504-368-1571, fax 504-368-1573, email, web site

National Marine Fisheries Service Faxed Market Reports: On January 4, 1995, the National Marine Fisheries Service initiated its "fax-on-demand" fishery market news service. The service is free, but you pay the telephone charges, which are very modest. All you need is a fax machine. You call the NMFS fax server, select reports from an audio message, and then, over the same open fax line, you receive the rep95 reports on a wide range of seafood products and topics. About 10 of the reports contain shrimp market information. To use the service, call the NMFS's fax server (301-713-1415), from a fax machine telephone, request mailbox 200, and select item 1. You will be given options for receiving the reports. Information: Steve Koplin, National Marine Fisheries Service, Market News Service, 1315 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910 USA (phone 301-713-2328, fax 301-713-4137) Many of the same reports are also available at under the market news category.

INFOFISH Trade News: This 30-page report (irregular page sizes) is published every two weeks and features current news and prices of global fishery commodities with special coverage of tuna, cephalpods and shrimp. The annual subscription rate is USA$450 by email and USA$380 by airmail. It includes the European Price Report (monthly) and GLOBEFISH Highlights, a quarterly report on intermediate and long-term trends in major fishery commodities. Information: K.P.P. Nambiar, Director, INFOFISH, P.O. Box 10899, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (phone 60-3-291-4466, fax 60-3-291-6804, email and, web page

Comportamiento del Mercado del Camarón: This 14 to 20-page (216 x 279 mm), bimonthly report is published in Spanish by Ocean Garden Products, Inc., a United States Corporation that is owned by Mexico's export development bank. Ocean Garden imports and distributes shrimp and other seafoods around the world. Edited for Ocean Garden's customers and the Mexican shrimp industry in general, it reports on the United States shrimp market with excellent tabular and graphic data on worldwide trends in shrimp prices and markets. It also contains news items of interest to this readership. Information: Guadalupe Estrella, Editor, Ocean Garden Products, Inc., P.O. Box 85527, San Diego, CA 92186 USA (phone 858-571-5002, fax 858-277-6284,

Marketing Live Kuruma Prawns to Japan: Authored by Chris Ovenden and Anton Kriz, marketing specialists with the Queensland (Australia) Department of Primary Industries, and published in 1993, this paperback manual (178-pages, 210 x 302 mm) contains information on the Japanese shrimp market, the kuruma shrimp (Penaeus japonicus) and shrimp farming in Australia. It's based on taste tests and actual interviews with Japanese chefs, consumers, trading companies and wholesalers. In the United States, it sells for $50 (shipping and handling included, MasterCard and Visa accepted). A 1994 update of the report contains 16 pages. It's titled Japan's Kuruma Prawn Market Recent Developments and sells for $20 (paperback). Information: in the United States, contact Will Wardowski, Florida Science Source, Inc., P.O. Box 927, Lake Alfred, FL 33850 USA (phone/fax 941-299-6509, email Elsewhere contact DPI Publications, Queensland Department of Primary Industries, GPO Box 46, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia 4001 (phone 61-7-3239-3100, fax 61-7-3239-0860, email




Simply Shrimp-Fresh, Frozen, Canned: This 130-page (216 x 140 mm) book, authored by Linda Martinson, is laid out for easy use in the kitchen. Spiral-bound with tabs for each section, it lies flat on the counter and captures the feeling of a recipe file box. With purchasing, nutritional and species information tucked away in an appendix, it gets right to the point with seven sections: Appetizers and Cocktails, Soups and Sandwiches, Egg Dishes and Salads, Broiled and Grilled, Entrees-Conventional and Microwave, Casseroles and Pasta, and Sauces. Each section, containing 8 to 12 recipes, is introduced with a color photograph of two or three recipes. Designed for the home chef and utilizing ingredients readily available in any grocery store, it sells for $5.95 (plus $3 for shipping and handling in the United States and $6 for shipping and handling elsewhere). Discounts available on quantity orders. Information: Linda Martinson, Simply Books, P.O. Box 2205, Lynnwood, WA 98036 USA (phone 425-745-1895, fax 425-787-4135).

The Art of Catching and Cooking Shrimp: This 124-page (152 x 228 mm), ring-bound book, authored by Lynette L. Walther, is nicely illustrated with pen and ink drawings and contains more background information on shrimp fishing and shrimp preparation than the other books reviewed here. It's edited for the home chef, especially those who catch their own shrimp in recreational fisheries. It sells for $12.95. Information: W.H. McCauley, Publications and Imports, P.O. Box 218, Georgetown, DE 19947 USA (phone 302-856-6441).

The Bubba Gump Shrimp Company Cookbook: Shrimp and shrimping played only a small role in Forrest Gump, but the film spawned a number of shrimp products, including The Bubba Gump Shrimp Company Cookbook, which was published in late October 1994. The 108-page book (183 x 183 mm) offers over 75 favorite southern shrimp and side dish recipes, all tested in the well-known Southern Living (magazine) kitchens. The book is laced with poignant and memorable quotes from the movie script, plus a dozen full-color photographs from the movie. Although it does not contain any background information on the shrimp industry or shrimp preparation, it offers a solid block of shrimp recipes that will forever keep the memory of Forrest Gump alive in the shrimp industry. It's fun, quick, easy, and the most popular of all the shrimp cookbooks. In the United States, it (item #102538) sells for $14.95, plus $3.95 for shipping. Elsewhere, add $6.95 for shipping (surface mail). For information on large orders and promotional tie-ins, contact: Leisure Arts, Customer Service, P.O. Box 55102, Little Rock, AR 72215 USA (phone 800-526-5111, fax 501-868-8937).

Shrimp: Authored by Jay Harlow, this 116-page book (254 x 247 mm) contains 62 recipes and three dozen, or so, beautiful, full-page, full-color photographs of shrimp dishes, plus some excellent background information on buying and preparing shrimp. This is a book for chefs and restaurateurs-and for anyone who takes great pride in cooking shrimp. Originally published by Chronicle Books (San Francisco, CA, USA) in 1989, it's out of print now, but some hardcover copies are still available from the author for $29.95. Information: Jay Harlow, Harlow & Ratner, P.O. Box 99627, Emeryville, CA 94662 USA (phone 510-654-6838, fax 510-527-7739,




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